Saturday, July 24, 2010

Jacob Gibson and Sarah Brower Beitler: Wilford Woodruff Company

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868


Company:
Wilford Woodruff Company (1850)

Narrative:

In early 1850, Church leaders advised emigrants that pioneer companies would travel on a new route on the south side of the Platte River. By taking this new route they avoided some river crossings on the north side that had proved dangerous because of high water in the previous year. They also expected to receive additional military protection on a new army supply road. This was a factor in their decision because they wanted to avoid conflict with the Plains Indians, who had been agitated during the 1849 California gold rush. The 200-mile long army road connected "Old Fort Kearny," located 50 miles below Kanesville on the Missouri River, to "New Fort Kearny" following the south side of the Platte River to the west.

Outfitted emigrants traveled 18 miles south from Kanesville on the east bank of the Missouri River to the Bethlehem Ferry (across the river from present-day Plattsmouth, Nebraska). In mid-June they began ferrying over and assembling on the west bank of the river. Wilford Woodruff called the camp together and organized the company on June 21. The next day 209 people and 44 wagons started out, following the Plattsmouth-Fort Kearny trail south. After crossing Weeping Water Creek they followed a new trail west where they connected with the northward-arching new military road, which became known as the Ox-Bow Trail.

The company was somewhat spread out with the 1st and 2nd Fifties led by Leonard Hardy and Edson Whipple. Elder Woodruff, traveling with the 1st Fifty, crossed Salt Creek on June 28. After leaving Salt Creek they turned west on a cutoff trail (near present-day Swedesburg, Nebraska). All of the companies except Andrus used this cutoff (which passed near present-day David City and Bellwood, Nebraska). This cutoff trail, which bypassed the Cottonwood/Wahoo Creek drainage, saved them 12 miles. On this shortcut route, they reached the Platte about 20 miles west of the regular route taken earlier by Andrus. During this early leg of the journey, a number of people died from cholera.

The two divisions reunited on July 7 on the Platte. They followed the south bank of the Platte River a hundred miles west past Grand Island, where they joined with the Oregon Trail coming north from Missouri. At this juncture they continued 15 more miles to "New Fort Kearny", which they reached on July 15, although army reserved grazing rights and companies weren't permitted to camp within a mile of the fort. On this day they were visited by a tremendous thunderstorm, and lightning killed three oxen and one member of the company. They continued up the south side and miraculously escaped any serious accident or wagon breakage during an exciting wagon stampede on July 30. The next day they reached the Upper Crossing of the South Platte (located about three miles west of present-day Brule, Nebraska). They finished crossing here on August 1 and followed a long dry ridge for 20 miles to Ash Hollow on the south bank of the North Platte.

From Ash Hollow they traveled up the Platte River, arriving at Fort Laramie on August 18. Leaving there, they skirted the Black Hills by taking the river road. They were delayed some days looking for lost cattle but reached the Upper Crossing (at present-day Casper, Wyoming) on September 3. Along much of the road west from Fort Laramie until they reached the Sweetwater, they found little grass, which caused their cattle to wander and slowed their pace. They reached Devil's Gate on September 8. On September 14 they bypassed the established road over the Rocky Ridges by veering to the north through a draw. This variant road, scouted out by J.A. Stratton and three other men who were sent out by Brigham Young to locate better routes and help guide the companies to the Salt Lake Valley, it reportedly had an abundance of feed and water. Unfortunately, Elder Woodruff found no feed or water and said that companies should not take that road.

They rejoined the established road just east of Rock Creek. One day west of South Pass they met with a war party of 500 Snake Indians, but were able to avoid conflict. They crossed the Green River on September 23 and reached Fort Bridger on September 27. Some in the 1st Fifty began murmuring, Elder Woodruff advised that division to move on ahead of them to the valley. Woodruff's Fifty found the road very rough between Big and Little Mountain but reached Salt Lake on October 14. Deaths in the company numbered at least 17, many from cholera.



Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868

Source of Trail Excerpt:
Gibson, Jacob, Book of the generations of Jacob Gibson 1849-1881, [43-45].

Read Trail Excerpt:
I got one yoke of cattle one yoke of cows[.] Hyerd [hired] a good yoke from Bishop Hunter[.] Starting with abt 20 Hundred or in the company of capt Morcon in the ten of capt [George Bryant] Gar[d]ner traveling till past ft Kerny [Kearney.] my team falling in consequence of my ten Leaving the company and traveling farther than we aught[.] I concluded if the ten continued to run ahead I would have to hold up[.] spoke abt it to no affect finely I held up the Ballance of the company with friend foster with them whome I had to help over the river as he had Lost his money and othe[r] thing[s] that I have not time to mention[.] So f[o]r me on the Planes to do the best I could or Perish he having a good team and to Spair if rightly managed I held up ontill Elder Woodruff company came along[.] I wea..to Join Elder [Edson] Whipples division[.] Br. W.[oodruff] requested me to travle with him or in his division[.] I aggreed to do so but had a hard time as thay traveled as much to Slow as the others to fast for me[.] he had a train of Goods green cattle and Green drivers[.] made slow work [- - - - -] so many Brake down[.] all on the road Behind cot [caught] up and past us and we ware abt 17 weeks When 13 was plenty[.] our provisions wore Just out[.] the Last morning our Breckfast being all we had[.] we got in to the vally on 14 of Octobr glad and thankfull to God


Source: http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompany/1,15797,4017-1-325,00.html

Friday, July 23, 2010

Amelia "Emily" Mitchell (Frank Croft's Mother)

Elder Frank Croft was a missionary in the state of Alabama. Because he persisted in his legal rights guaranteed under the Constitution of the United States in preaching righteousness unto the people, he was forcefully taken to a secluded spot of the backwoods for the purpose of receiving lashings across his bare back at the hands of armed and vicious men. Having arrived at the place where they had concluded to administer the torture, Elder Croft was commanded to remove his coat and shirt and bare his back. He was then tied to a tree to prevent his moving while he received his lashing until the blood would flow.

Having no alternative, he complied with the demands of the mob, but in so doing, a letter he had recently received from his mother fell from his coat. A short time before, he had written his parents a letter, condemning mob violence and mistreatment of the elders. In his mother’s letter she counseled: “My beloved son, you must remember the words of the Savior when He said, ‘Blessed are ye when men shall revile you and persecute you and say all manner of evil against you falsely for my name’s sake. Rejoice and be exceedingly glad for you will have your reward in Heaven for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.’ Also remember the Savior upon the cross suffering for the sins of the world when He uttered these immortal words, ‘Father forgive them, for they know not what they do.’ Surely my boy, they who are mistreating you Elders know not what they do or they would not do it. Sometime, somewhere they will understand and then they will regret their action and they will honor you for the glorious work you are doing. So be patient, my son; love those who mistreat you and say all manner of evil against you and the Lord will bless you and magnify you in their eyes and your mission will be gloriously successful. Remember also, my son, that day and night, your mother is praying for you always.”

Elder Croft, tied to the tree, was so situated that he could see the leader of the mob, who had picked up the fallen letter and had decided to read it before giving word to his men to start the lashing. The elder observed the hardness of his features, the cruelty in his eyes.

He then realized that no sympathy could be expected from him. He closed his eyes while waiting the moment when the beating would begin. He thought of home and loved ones and in particular, of his beloved mother. Then he uttered a silent prayer in her behalf. Opening his eyes, a moment or two later, feeling that the leader had had time to finish reading the letter, he was amazed to see that the man had retired to a nearby tree stump and having seated himself, was apparently re-reading the letter; but what was more amazing to the elder was the change in the man’s countenance. He would read a line or two or a paragraph and then sit and ponder. Deep down in the elder’s conscience was the hope that the man’s heart had been touched by the loveliness and beauty of his mother’s letter.

To Elder Croft, it seemed an interminable time had elapsed when the mob leader arose and approaching the helpless elder said: “Feller, you must have a wonderful mother. You see, I once had one too.” Then, addressing the mob he said, “Men, after reading this Mormon’s mother’s letter, I just can’t go ahead with the job. Maybe we had better let him go.” Elder Croft was released and went his way. The loving influence of his mother seemed very near in his heart and mind. (See Arthur M. Richardson, The Life and Ministry of John Morgan [Nicholas G. Morgan Sr., 1965], pp. 268–68.)

Source:  http://lds.org/ldsorg/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=ba805f74db46c010VgnVCM1000004d82620aRCRD&locale=0&sourceId=fb7ea41f6cc20110VgnVCM100000176f620a____&hideNav=1

William and Ann Greenwood Keetch

Information comes from Zelda K Wursten in the History of Bear Lake Pioneers

William Keetch was born September 3, 1811 in Kempston, England, the son of Richard and Elizabeth (Inkley). When he was twenty-four, he married Ann Greenwood, the daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (White) on 30 Aug 1835. Ann was born 17 Dec 1811 in Newport, England and died 12 Sep 1856 in Florence Nebraska. Eleven children blessed their home in Kempston.

Children of William Keetch and Ann Greenwood
1. Charles Greenwood Keetch b-2 July 1837; m-Mercy Truth Barker; d-3 Sep 1896 in St Charles
2. Alfred Greenwood Keetch b-13 Jan 1840; d-27 July 1925 in Lindon Utah
3. Elizabeth Emma Keetch b-7 Apr 1842; m-Samuel Matthews 12 Oct 1864; d-11 Apr 1893 in Liberty
4. Emma Keetch b-11 June 1844; m-John Reed; d-18 May 1901 in Omaha Nebraska
5. Martha Mae Keetch b-1 Mar 1846; m-Elam Hollingsworth; d-19 Mar 1899 in Preston Idaho
6. Mary Keetch b-1 Mar 1846; d-25 June 1849
7. William Keetch b-6 Mar 1848; d-11 Oct 1856 in Florence Nebraska
8. Nephi Keetch b-10 Mar 1849; d-21 Oct 1849
9. Joseph Hyrum Keetch b-2 Dec 1850; d-30 May 1855
10. Alma Keetch b-14 Feb 1853; d-10 July 1854
11. Ann Maria Keetch b-25 Feb 1855; m-John Stevenson; d-16 Aug 1902 in Omaha Nebraska

The LDS missionaries found them in England and the parents and the four oldest children, Charles G, Alfred G, Elizabeth and Emma joined the church. William did missionary work for some time and was a branch president. On May 4 1856, William and his family immigrated to American, sailing on the ship Thornton from Liverpool England. They arrived at Iowa City June 26 and from there went to Florence Nebraska. The company had a lot of trouble and several were sick with chills and fever. William's wife and son William died there. They were in debt so much, it took them a long time to get out. After Charles sweetheart, Mercy Truth Barker, joined them from England, they left in 1861. William crossed the plains with his daughter and husband in 1875 and arrived in Bear Lake in March of 1875. He remained in Bear Lake the rest of his life living with his son in St Charles in winter and with his daughter, Elizabeth in Liberty in the summer. He died 30 July 1888 and was buried in the Liberty cemetery.

Source: http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~idbearla/williamkeetch.htm

Alfred Greenwood Keetch

From "Portrait, Genealogical & Biographical Record of the State of Utah: Containing Biographies of Many Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present," published 1902, page 271-272.

Alfred G Keetch is a name that will go down to history as one of those who took a leading part for many years in colonization work in this new Territory and also actively participated in alt all of the Indian troubles, his bravery and undaunted courage making him a prominent figure among the early settlers, and being called upon whenever there was any danger to be faced, and be it said to his honor that he never refused to respond to such calls, nor stopped to count the cost, but unhesitatingly went where duty led.

Alfred G. Keetch was born in Bedfordshire, England,
January 3, 1840, and is the son of William K. and Ann Greenwood
Keetch, natives of England. The parents of our subjects were converted to the teachings of
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and were among the first to be baptized in Bedfordshire. The father became President of the Bedfordshire Branch of the Church and for many years previous to his departure for America preached there. With his wife and family he emigrated to America in 1856, settling at Florence, and remained there for some years. The mother died the same year they came to America and was buried in the Mormon grave yard at Florence; also one child, William. the father later moved to the Bear Lake country in Idaho, where he died in July 1889.

Our subject came to Utah in 1862, in the independent train of David Kimball, in which he drove four yoke of oxen and haled freight across the plains. he arrived in Utah on November 4th and settled in Grantsville, where he lived for a short time and was then sent on a colonization mission to Bear Lake, Idaho, remaining there twenty months, when he again returned to Grantsville, spending the winter of 1865 in that place. In the spring of 1866 he was sent to the Missouri river with four yoke of oxen, for the purpose of bringing emigrants to Utah.

Upon returning to Utah Mr. Keetch was married on November 10, 1866, to Miss Emily Harris, daughter of John and Ann (Stanley) Harris, natives of England, who came to America in 1866. As a result of this union, twelve children have now been born, eleven of whom are now living--Emily A., now Mrs. Aston of Lindon; Lizzie, now Mrs. Cullimore, of the same place, Martha J., now the wife of Meacham Timpanogas; Luella, now Mrs. Cullimore, of Lindon,; Mary E., now Mrs. Thorne, living in Lindon; Alfred Gl, also living in Lindon. He returned June 14, 1901, from a twenty-six month's mission to the Southern States; Ruthie M., now Mrs. Walker of Lindon; Effie L., living at home, and a member of the Young Ladies' Mutual Improvement Association; William J., Hazel B. and Stanley B., all at home; Samuel C. died in infancy.

In 1867 Mr. And Mrs. Keetch went on a colonization mission to the Big Muddy country in Nevada, where they remained until 1871. The State of Nevada imposed and tried to collect an enormous tax from the people who colonized that section of the State, with the result that the Mormons retired from the colony and returned to Utah. Upon returning from the Big Muddy country our subject located at Pleasant Grove, which has since been his home; the section in which he settled having of late years been known as London Ward. During all these years much trouble had been experienced with the Indians and Mr. Keetch participated in many of the battles between the settlers and their savage foes. He bought twenty acres of sagebrush land, which he at once began to clear and cultivate and at this time owns fifty-six acres of land in the county, and has a splendid brick house and good improvements on his home place. In addition to a general farming he has also done considerable business in cattle and live stock, in which he has been prospered.

In politics he is a Democrat and has always been quite active in the work of that party. He served on the City Council for one term and was Mayor of Pleasant Grove for two terms before this Ward was set apart. He became a member of the Mormon Church in England, shortly before coming to the United States and has since been a faithful follower of its teachings. For many years he was very active in the Sunday Schools and Young Men's Association. In 1890 he was ordained a High Priest and set apart as first counselor to Bishop Coppley of Lindon Ward, which position he still holds. the ordination services were conducted by John W. Young. Mr. Keetch is one of the prominent and influential citizens of the part of Utah county and has by his upright and manly life won and retained the friendship and confidence of a large circle of people. His services in colonization work in the past has redounded not alone to the good of the Church, but of the State at large, and opened the way for many who were not members of the Mormon church to come into the State and make homes for themselves and their families, and too much cannot be said in praise of such men.


Source:  http://books.google.com/books?id=_uQDAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA271&ots=RYg_ZjTDno&dq=%22Ann%20Greenwood%20Keetch%22&pg=PA271#v=onepage&q=%22Ann%20Greenwood%20Keetch%22&f=false

Jacob Gibson

Birth: Jan. 1, 1814
Chester
Delaware County
Pennsylvania, USA
Death: May 1, 1882
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake County
Utah, USA

Jacob was born to Jacob & Jane Elizabeth (Brush) Gibson of PA
He had at least 15 children
(Obituary from a local newspaper 1882)

Death of Elder Jacob Gibson,- At 5 p.m. yesterday, May 1st, Elder Jacob Gibson died of consumption, at his residence, in Sugar House Ward. He had only been confined to his bed about ten days.

By way of finish we will state from a personal acquaintance with the deceased, that he was a straight-forward, honest man; true to his convictions. He was very strong and decided in his denunciation of what he conceived to be wrong, and as ready to sustain whatever accorded with his conceptions of right.

Family links:
Parents:
Jacob Gibson (1776 - 1843)
Jane Elizabeth Brush Gibson (1781 - 1855)

Children:
Bianca Jane Gibson Johnston (1843 - 1916)
George Marion Gibson (1847 - 1847)
Mary Leota Gibson Young (1849 - 1926)
Hannah Francis Gibson Garn (1852 - 1910)
Sarah Gibson Riches (1854 - 1938)
Georganna Gibson (1856 - 1856)
Jacob Gibson (1865 - 1940)
Jane Elizabeth Gibson (1867 - 1928)
Abraham Gibson (1868 - 1877)
Stewart (Stuart) Gibson (1869 - 1877)
John Gibson (1871 - 1909)
Ellen Violet Gibson Anderson (1873 - 1902)
Margaretta Gibson Caldwell (1875 - 1956)
Andrew Jackson Gibson (1877 - 1938)
Roslen Gibson Larson (1882 - 1946)

Spouses:
Hannah Gleason Smith Gibson (1814 - 1841)
Sarah Brower Beitler Gibson (1823 - 1908)
Margaret Robison Gibson Lilya (1852 - 1920)
Mary Jane (Jones) Point Gibson (1814 - 1847)


Burial:
Salt Lake City Cemetery
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake County
Utah, USA
Plot: B_10_3NROD_1E

Source:  http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=12876120

Sarah Brower Beitler

Birth: Aug. 3, 1823

Pughtown
Chester County
Pennsylvania, USA

Death: Jun. 12, 1908
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake County
Utah, USA

Sarah was born to Abraham & Mary (Brower) Beitler. She married Jacob in Philadelphia, PA 4/20/1848 Together they had 7 children Hannah Francis, Sarah, Jacob, Mary Leota, Abraham, Jane Elizabeth & Georganna Gibson. Sarah is Buried with 14 other family members in the Jacob Gibson family plot George Washington Young, Clarissa Kirkwood, Alice Webster, Hannah F Garn, Infant Riche, Abraham B Gibson, Jane Elizabeth Gibson, Margaret Lilya, Infant Ricker, Thomas Herrington, Zetta Garn, Stella Garn and Jacob Gibson

Obituary-

Funeral Of Mrs. Gibson
Services Held at the Sugar House Ward Meetinghouse.

The funeral services over the remains of Mrs. Sarah B. Gibson, were held at the Sugar House ward meetinghouse Sunday, June 14, 1908. The assembly room was crowded with relatives and sympathizing friends and the casket was profusely covered with floral offerings. "Who Are These Arrayed in White" was sung by a mixed chorus. Prayer by Bishop James Jensen of Forest Dale

James McGhie, Jos. E. Taylor, President Frank Y. Taylor, Bishop M. M. Atwood of Emerson ward, A. G. Driggs, and Bishop John M. Whitaker, all well acquainted with the deceased, spoke of her long life of usefullness, her kind and loving disposition, her friendship to the friendless and of her untiring efforts as president of the Relief society, which position she occupied for 33 years, having been released some time since on account of her advanced age.

During the service Edw. H. Anderson sang the solo, "I know That My Redeemer Lives." and the chorus rendered "Abide With Me." The closing hymn "Rest" was sung by chorus and Elder A. Milton Musser pronounced the benediction. The grave was dedicated by Elder Peter Hansen.

Source-Deseret News 6-16-1908 Death Notices


Family links:
Children:
Mary Leota Gibson Young (1849 - 1926)
Hannah Francis Gibson Garn (1852 - 1910)
Sarah Gibson Riches (1854 - 1938)
Georganna Gibson (1856 - 1856)
Jacob Gibson (1865 - 1940)
Jane Elizabeth Gibson (1867 - 1928)
Abraham Gibson (1868 - 1877)

Spouse:
Jacob Gibson (1814 - 1882)

Burial:
Salt Lake City Cemetery
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake County
Utah, USA
Plot: B-10-3-2-ENR


Charles Addison North

Age 23


Age 50

Wedding Picture


Source: http://www.levinorth.com

Arriminta Howard

Arriminta was born 25 February, 1819 in Troy, Madison County, Illinois, the daughter of John Howard and Jane Van Hooser. Her fathers parentage were of English-Scottish extraction coming to the Virginia Colony sometime before 1760. The Van Hooser family were German arriving in New York state in 1610-20. Her American ancestors helped settle and tame the American Frontier and had homes in Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois and the Indian Territory of Iowa. Her fathers fought in the Revolutionary War and many of the Indian wars associated with the westward movement in America. They were neighbors of the Daniel Boone family in that generation.


Arriminta was from a strongly knit family who lived, worked, and moved together in a multi-family group. Her parents had nine children, Arriminta being the fifth. She was only eight years old when her father died suddenly, leaving her mother with her children ranging from 17 to just a few months old. This family group became her safety net and salvation. Arriminta’s Aunt (her mother’s sister) was also a single mother and those two women combined their family to make their lives easier. So close was these two families that four of them married each other and most of them stayed close their entire lives, moving several times as a group having joined the LDS church in southern Illinois in the mid 1830s.

Arriminta was baptized a member in her early teens, along with several of her extended family and while living in the area east of St. Louis. Soon after they moved to Effingham, Illinois. Her uncle, then several others bought property there as though they had in mind a permanent settling. It was about the same time, whether planned or not, we cannot say, that Sidney North moved his family to the Effingham region. It was there that Arriminta met and married Levi. Levi had joined the LDS church in 1832 and we can suppose it was the Mormon group that brought the two together. They married in November, 1837. One year later Arriminta delivered their first child, a boy they named Charles Addison.

The time spent in Effingham for Arriminta and her extended family was short lived however. For in 1840 Levi moved his family to Sugar Creek, Iowa (Indian Territory) just a few miles west, across the river from Nauvoo, where the leaders of the Mormon church was gathering the Saints from all over the world. Levi, along with Arriminta’s several family had chosen Sugar Creek to live. It was in Sugar Creek that their second son, Hyrum Bennett was born. But that was not to be long either, Levi needed to be closer to the temple construction site in Nauvoo. In November of 1843 Arriminta delivered a little baby girl named Almira.

But trouble with a few church dissidents and many other malcontents forced a move from Illinois to the Rocky Mountains. The Norths joined the exodus into Iowa taking them to three temporary settlements in the Indian Territory. The first stop was in Garden Grove where they stayed just long enough to help build small cabins, clear some land, erect fences and plant vegetables. All this in preparation for the larger exodus that would follow. Levi then moved west to Mt. Pisgah, where he built themselves another small cabin. This is where the family spent the winter of 1846 and where Arriminta gave birth to their fourth child, named Levi Howard. How long they spent in Mt. Pisgah is hard to determine but the best guess is just a few months, maybe a year.

They then moved further west, to the Missouri River, but continued on, up the river, past Kanesville and to Harris Grove a little north-east. Here the land was more rolling hills, covered with trees. Here they could build larger cabins and had timber to cut for wagons, which is what Levi would be doing for about six years. It was in Harris Grove that two other children would join the growing family. Arriminta was born in October, 1849 and Merari was born in June, 1852.

Merari was literally just days old when, according to plans that had been formulated several months earlier, Arriminta and her husband gathered the children and all their belongings; packed them into three wagons and moved to the Salt Lake Valley arriving in September, 1852. It generally took over two months to make that 1100 mile journey. Merari would have made that trip as a baby. Arriminta made it while recovering from childbirth. What a lady!

But by the time she delivered her next baby, Mary Jane, in May, 1854 her home was finished in Millcreek Almost three years later, in March, 1857, she delivered another baby girl they named Melinda Howard (named after Arriminta’s sister who had been so very close to her through the hard times-and had died shortly after arriving in Utah). There would be one more daughter born to this couple, a girl they named Margery Ann “Annie” in 1849. That was Arriminta’s last child, she was 40 years old.

This must have been the beginning of a good life for her and Levi. These were prosperous times. Work was plentiful and rewarding. Everything was finally looking permanent. Arriminta was undoubtedly one who wanted the very best for her family and was willing to work hard for it, to sacrifice and to share the good things. And her church advocated plural marriage for the faithful Mormon couples. There were many women in the valley that did not have husbands and homes. She apparently did not have a problem with this principle and so on the second of March, 1865 Levi married Maren Kirstene Pedersen, a convert from Denmark. Levi built her a home on the west side of the Country Road, across the street from Arriminta’s home. Maren would eventually bear 9 children for Levi. They were accepted into Arriminta’s as though they were her own. She was, to them, “Aunt” Arriminta.

We are told that the good life for this large family continued with some notable exceptions. Three of Maren’s children died in early childhood. Levi spent six months in the territorial prison for the crime of polygamy. But otherwise, Arriminta’s life was very good and comfortable for the place and time in which she lived. She buried her husband in 1894 after a short illness. She lived another nine years with her children and grandchildren caring and providing for her every need. She died on 12 March, 1903 having lived true to her faith, active in her church and family affairs. Arriminta was a grand Lady.

Source: http://www.levinorth.com/

Albertine Josephine Johnson

Albertine Josephine Johnson, Age 24


With husband Charles Addison North at age 23.  It's their wedding picture.


Source: http://www.levinorth.com/

Isaac John Wardle


Isaac John Wardle - History of Idaho Vol. III 1920 (page 507, Joseph S. Wardle)


Joseph S. Wardle, a ranchman who resides on the Boise bench two miles southwest of Boise...His father was Isaac John Wardle, of St. Anthony, Idaho, who passed away in October, 1917, at the age of eighty-two years. He was born in Lincolnchire, (Leicestershire) England, June 13, (14th) 1835, and came to the United States in 1852 (1856) as a convert to the Mormon church. He at once proceeded across the plains to Utah, making the trip on foot with a handcard company, being then a lad of eighteen (twenty) years. He came to the new world unaccompanied by relatives, but after he had been in Utah a few years he sent to England for his parents, who joined him in Utah, he paying their passage to the United States. Twenty-two years ago (1898) Isaac John Wardle removed from Utah to Idaho and resided at St. Anthony throughout his remaining days. He was a sheep raiser and the excellent opportunities for carrying on the industry in Idaho caused him to locate in this state. He was very active in the work of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, serving as superintendent of a Sunday school in Salt Lake City for eighteen years. He was married three times and by his first wife, Martha Ann Egbert, had ten children...The mother died December 9, 1916. By his second wife Isaac J. Wardle had one child, a son, William H. Wardle, now living in Teton county, Idaho. By his third marriage he had four children, of whom three are living. His family numbered fifteen children together, of whom ten yet survive (1920).
Online Source: http://books.google.com/books?id=-t8UAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA507&lpg=PA507&dq=history+idaho+joesph+s+wardle&source=bl&ots=A-VtrudVIH&sig=aZxB6RkqrTInKnGGju7NrWXhweY&hl=en&ei=7_-XS8ilCIaqsgOZ_rjCAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=&f=false


 
 
Isaac John Wardle - From the book "Church Chronology" (published 1898)


"Sun. 20. (March 1887) - At a meeting held at South Jordan, the Seventies residing in Riverton, Bluff Dale and Herriman were separated from the 33rd quorum of Seventy...On the same occasion the 95th quorum was organized with Edwin D. Holt, James Oliver, Issac J. Wardle, Albert Holt, Andrew Amundsen, Henry B. Beckstead and Alexander Bills as presidents. The members of this quorum resided in South Jordan Ward."

"April. Fri. 1. (1887). - Herriman, Salt Lake Co., was raided by U.S. deputy marshals; nearly every house in the village was searched, but no arrests were made. Sat. 2. (April 1887) - South Jordan, Salt Lake Co., was raided by U.S. deputy marshals, who arrested Alexander Bills and Henry Beckstead for u.c. (unlawful cohabitation). Mon. 4. (April 1887) Ole Hansen, of Logan, was arrested for u.c. and placed under $1,500 bonds. Tues. 5. (April 1887) - Karl G. Maeser, of Provo, was arrest on a charge of u.c. Lars Nielsen and John Felt, of Huntsville, Weber Co., were arrested on the same charge, taken to Ogden and placed under bonds."

"Mon. 26. (Sep. 1887) In the Third District Court Henry Beckstead, of South Jordan was sentenced to six months' imprisonment and $100 fine; and Joseph H. Ridges, of Salt Lake City, to six months' imprisonment and $25 fine. for u.c."

"Wed. 4. (June 1890) - Isaac J. Wardle, of South Jordan, Salt Lake Co., was arrested for u.c. (unlawful cohabitation)"
Online Source: http://books.google.com/books?ei=nwSYS5ycBoSyswO0nczBAQ&ct=result&output=text&id=-VIoAAAAYAAJ&dq=isaac+john+wardle+south+jordan&ots=AfGHeXEk8I&q=wardle#v=snippet&q=wardle&f=false


http://www.wardle.us/IsaacJohnWardle.html



Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868

Source of Trail Excerpt:
Wardle, Isaac John, Autobiographical sketch [n.d.], [2].

We arrived safe in Boston Saturday at 10 A.M. after five (5) weeks sea voyage. After 2 days proceeded by train to Iowa City, arriving there July 8, 1856 and went on to Council Bluffs. I left Council Bluffs in "Captain Martin's" handcart company. Being a stron[g] man and having no relatives in the company I took a sick young man (eighteen years old) in my cart. His name was "Langl[e]y A. Bailey", besides the sick boy I had 100 lbs. flour, a tent, and camp equipment for seven persons which I pulled for 1130 miles to Pacific Springs, Wyoming. John Bailey helped me pull some of the way. We crossed the Missouri River at Florence. when we left Florence there were about 740 souls in our company. With Edward Martin as our Captain we did not have much difficuilty on the road except a few visits from the Indians until we encountered a sever[e] snow storm at Platt[e] Bridge this was early in October. Then our old men and women and some of the younger children began to give out and to get sick and many of them died which I helped bury, but we kept moving on a little every day in spite of the cold and hardships. At one time I became so weary and over come with cold that I fell down and was forced to lay there for some time. About this time one day while we were stopped for noon two men rode into our camp, they were "Joseph Young" and Ephraim Hanks who had come to tell us that men where coming to meet us with teams and wagons from Salt Lake City. We met the first team at Pacific Springs, Wyoming who had provisions for us with them. By this time our company was much smaller than when we left Council Bluffs, as so many had died some had stopped at different places along the way. We proceeded on to Salt Lake City with the teams leaving our handcarts behind. We arrived there Nov. 30, 1856 having taken us Six (6) months and five (5) days to come from Liverpool England to Salt Lake City U.S.A.

President Brigham Young along with many of the other Brethern and Women came to welcome us and took us into their homes, fed and warmed us and gave us warm clean beds to rest our weary bodies.
http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/source/1,18016,4976-10402,00.html

Ashton family

William and Sarah Ann Barlow Ashton (parents), Mary Ann Ashton (daughter) and her siblings


(Artist representation of Mary Ann and Sarah Ellen Ashton by Julie Rogers, titled "Orphans.")

William and Sarah Ann Barlow Ashton brought their four daughters, Betsy (11), Sarah Ellen (7), Mary (4) and Elizabeth Ann (2), from England in 1856 with the Martin Handcart Company, leaving behind the grave site of another little daughter, Esther, who had died in infancy. As the ship Horizon docked at Boston Harbor on July 2, Elizabeth Ann died and the bereaved family left behind another never to be visited grave.

The Ashton family bore their grief in the summer heat and crowded train as they traveled from Boston to Iowa City where they waited and worked for three weeks, preparing handcarts and tents to continue their journey. On the next leg of their journey through Iowa, the Ashtons successfully walked and drew their handcart 300 miles to Florence, Nebraska. Sarah Ann bore the extra burden of an advanced pregnancy.

For three days at Florence, the Martin Company regrouped, repaired their carts, and prepared for their 1,000-mile march through the wilderness of the Nebraska plains and Rocky Mountains to reach their Zion. On August 26, one day after leaving Florence, Sarah Ann died in childbirth. William named their precious baby girl Sarah Ann, then took up his march again, caring for his daughters as best he could through the searingly hot days and increasingly frosty nights. He would dig one more grave on September 11 for his new baby girl, less than three weeks old.

Upon reaching Ft. Laramie on October 9, William left the care of his three little girls with the Martin Company as he enlisted in the U.S. Army. It was not uncommon in those times for a widowed father to turn the care of his young children over to others, in order to secure employment for their support. On an unknown date, William returned from Ft. Laramie to England and lost touch with his children. On another unknown date, the Martin Company would attend to the burial of Betsy Ashton. Sarah Ellen lost sight in one of her eyes as the cold weather arrived in October, but she and Mary survived the rest of the journey and arrived in their Promised Valley on November 30, 1856, completely dependent on others for their care.

Sarah Ellen married Thomas W. Beckstead at the age of 15 and gave birth to 10 children, 6 of whom lived to adulthood. Mary married Isaac Wardle, a man who had also been in the Martin Handcart Company. Mary died after giving birth to her first child, William Ashton Wardle, in 1869.

Bereft of family once more, Sarah Ellen put her energies into hard work, serving others and raising her children. She pioneered in Whitney, Idaho, where she lived to be 92 years old. She also worked as a midwife and insisted that her posterity receive a good education. Her descendants fondly remember her for many good things, but perhaps one secret to her success in overcoming her trials and handicap was her love of beauty. "Her flower garden on the old place was so lovely . . . the Sweet Williams, pansies and old-fashioned flowers she had growing there. . . . She was so clean, neat and orderly - always had her windows filled with blooming plants, even in the winter time, and carefully covered them with paper each night so they would not freeze." She made "exquisite samplers" as a girl, and even "her aprons always had handwork across the bottoms."

One day a copy of the Church publication Millennial Star was brought to Sarah Ellen's home. It contained an inquiry concerning anyone who might know of relatives of William Ashton, pauper, in England, who had emigrated to America previously and left his children on the plains. Sarah Ellen sent passage money to England for her father to come to Idaho and join her family. Thomas and Sarah Ellen cared for William until his death. He is buried in the Whitney cemetery a short distance from the grave sites of Thomas and Sarah Ellen Beckstead.

http://www.tellmystorytoo.com/art_imagepages/image19.html


Ashton, William Albert (33 or 34) father, b. England, turned back and left surviving daughters

Ashton, Sarah Ann Barlow (33), mother, b. England, d. Aug. 26 in childbirth at Cutler’s Park, Nebraska
Ashton, Betsy (11), b. England, died on plains
Ashton, Sarah (10), b. England
Ashton, Mary (4), b. England
Ashton, Elizabeth Ann (1 or 2), b.England, d. July 2, 1856, on ship docked in Boston
Ashton, Sarah Ann, daughter, born on Aug. 26, 1856, Cutler’s Park, Nebraska, d. Sept. 11, 1856

http://www.musicforthetrail.com/tmst_names2.php




Sarah Ellen Ashton

Born: July 8, 1846 in England
Age: 10
Martin Handcart Company

Sarah Ellen's family was converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and they made plans to sail for American. Sarah's parents, William (33 or 34) and Betsy Barlow Ashton (33), their children Betsy (11), Sarah Ellen (10), Mary (4), and Elizabeth Ann (1 or 2), left Liverpool, England in may 1856 on the ship "Horizon".

While at sea (or in Boston), Sarah's sister, Elizabeth, died. The family arrived in America and traveled to Iowa City, Iowa. They had to wait there nearly a month for their handcarts to be finished. they then joined with the Martin Company.

They traveled several weeks and on August 4, 1856, a baby girl, Sarah Ann, was born on the plains in Nebraska. A short time later on August 26, 1856, Sarah Ellen's mother, Betsy, died. Two weeks later on September 11, 1856, the new baby, Sarah Ann, also died.

After this sad tragedy, Sarah's father became discouraged, left his three little girls with the company, returned to New York, and later went back to England. The Saints cared for the little girls as well as they could. They all suffered greatly from food shortages and the lack of warm clothing. Sarah Ellen's oldest sister, Betsy, froze to death. This left Sarah and her sister, Mary, to continue walking on to the Salt Lake Valley. They arrived on November 30, 1856.

They were met by a group of Saints who took them in and cared for them. Later, they found a home with the Hatfield family in Farmington, Utah. They remained there until Sarah married Thomas W. Beckstead when she was 15. Sarah and Thomas had 10 children, four of whom died as infants.

Sarah devoted her life to her children, her husband, and her church. In 1887, the Beckstead family moved to Idaho. Sarah read in the paper where her father was advertising for his family. Sarah Ellen sent to England for him to come and join her family. Sarah's father accepted her invitation and Sarah cared for her father until his death.

Sarah Ellen lived a good life helping the sick and needy. Surely, she learned to trust in God and be forgiving. She lived to be 92.

http://alpine10trek.com/Stories/sarah_ellen_ashton.html


MARY ANN ASHTON (2nd Wife of Isaac John Wardle and mother of William Hasten Wardle)

Mary Ann Ashton Remembered

Mary Ann Ashton, age 4, of England. Martin Company. [Out of their family of two parents and four daughters, Mary Ann and one sister are the only ones who made it safely to the Valley. Her sister Sarah Ellen lost the sight in one eye because of experiences of the handcart trek.
Online Source: (http://74.125.155.132/search?q=cache:cPZuXUOsB2QJ:www.oldjuniper.com/trek/female%2520pioneers.rtf+


mary+ann+ashton+martin+handcart+pioneer&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=safari)

My Handcart Memories, (http://www.journeyoftheheartbook.com/files/JakeNotes.pdf)
 I had an experience this summer that I can’t explain. I was with a handcart company for several months. Like I said, I can’t explain it, but it was real and it was powerful. My biggest fear now is that I’ll forget those I met and came to love. I also worry that I’ll forget what they taught me. In this notebook I plan to write all I can remember and learn about them. I don’t know if it will ever matter to anyone else. But to me, they matter. I won’t forget them. -Jake

Betsy, Sarah Ellen, and Mary Ashton
What I Remember:
The three little girls that joined my tent at Ft.Laramie. Their father left the company and joined the army.
 What Happened to Dad? Sarah Ellen’s Granddaughter wrote:
A man by the name of Clark came to grandmother’s door with a copy of the Millenial Star which contained an inquiry concerning anyone who might know of relatives of William Ashton, pauper, in England, who had emigrated to America previously and left his children on the plains. Grandmother recognized this man as her father who had left when she was seven…Now she was the only one of the children living. She…got in touch with the authorities where her father lived, sending passage money for him. He arrived withsome missionaries from England and spent the rest of his years with [his daughter Sarah Ellen].
 What I’ve Learned:
- Daughters of William and Sarah Ann Ashton
- Their sister, one year old Elizabeth, died while the Company was in Boston
- Their mother, Sarah Ann died while giving birth to another daughter one day out of Florence. “She was buried in an old wagon box, wearing a dark red cashmere dress and wrapped in a white bedspread.”
- The new baby died two weeks later.
- Father was so sad he left the Company in Ft. Laramie and enlisted in the army. He later returned to England.
- The girls were taken in by other members of the Company. Betsy, the oldest at 11, died someplace in Wyoming.
- Sarah married Thomas Beckstead in 1864 they had 10 children, 4 died as babies.
- Mary married Isaac Wardle in 1867. She died two years later while giving birth to her only child.
- Sarah lived to the age of 62.
Online Source: Olsen, The Price we Paid, pg 301, 434
http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html
Online Source: (http://www.journeyoftheheartbook.com/files/JakeNotes.pdf)

http://www.wardle.us/IsaacJohnWardle.html

Sunday, April 4, 2010

Harriet Raynor and John Fowlke

John Fowlke was born 26 December 1803, in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England. He was the son of John Fowlke and Hannah Mee. He married Harriet Raynor in 1823 in Nottingham. Harriet Raynor was born in Nottingham on 10 September 1803, the daughter of Catherine Frost Raynor.


Eleven children were born to John and Harriet in Nottingham: Catherine, John, Harriet, Drucilla, Eliza, Emma, William, Louisa, Frederick, Sarah, and Clara. Harriet and Emma died before becoming adults

1851 English census, Nottingham
The Fowlke family are found at 34 Island Street in St. Mary's parish, Nottingham in the 1851 census. The census shows:

John Fowlke, head, married, 50, Engeneer, born in Nottingham Harriett Fowlke, wife, married, 49, born in Nottingham Elizabeth Fowlke, daughter, 26, Lace mender, born in Nottingham Drucilla Fowlke, daughter, 20, Lace mender, born in Nottingham William Fowlke, son, 15, Coach builder, born in Nottingham Loisa Fowlke, daughter 11, Lace mender, born in Nottingham Fredrick Fowlke, son, 8, scholar, born in Nottingham Sarah Fowlke, daughter, 6, scholar, born in Nottingham Clara Fowlke, daughter, 3, scholar, born in Nottingham

The Latter-Day Saint missionaries contacted the family. John and Harriet, and five of their children embraced the gospel. Louisa was the first to be baptized in 1854. She was only fourteen years old at the time. Her father John was baptized in 1855. It is not known when Harriet was baptized. Of the other children, Eliza and her husband, Elias Aston, were baptized in 1856; Frederick, Sarah, and Clara were also baptized. Like thousands of other British converts, the family was "waiting for the missionaries to find them, and when they heard the message, they believed, were baptized, told their friends, adored and cared for those who had brought the message. and prepared to leave the Babylon of the world for the kingdom of God being built in America...Beside being willing to accept the missionaries' testimonies about the restoration of the original Church of Christ spoken of in the Bible, these British Saints also obeyed the counsel to gather to Zion. Before the end of the century, some fifty-five thousand had crossed the ocean and the continental U.S. to make their homes in the West. Not all were enthusiastic to come, but most, perhaps the most converted, scrimped and saved until they had enough to pay passage for a family." ("Truth Prevailing"; Douglas F. Tobler; Ensign, July 1987)

To aid the immigrants in their desire to join the Saints in Zion, the Church in 1849 created the Perpetual Emigration Fund. The fund helped the costs of the trip, but the family was expected to reimburse the fund after settling in Utah. John and Harriet, and the younger children immigrated to America on the ship Underwriter. The European Emigration Card Index shows:

Foulkes, John (57) Turner
Harriet (57) Wife
Frederick (18) Joiner
Sarah Ann (15)Spinster
Clara (13)
Louise (20)
Arthur* (2) *Louise's son

The ship sailed from Liverpool on April 23, 1861. On board ship "the agent appointed a president and two counselors (usually missionaries returning to America) to preside over the company. After receiving the sustaining vote of the group, the presidency divided the company into wards or branches, usually along the lines of the travelers's home districts. Each ward or branch was then provided with presiding officers and assigned a separate portion of the ship...Once underway, the emigrants were expected to rise at an early hour, clean their quarters, assemble for prayer, and then eat breakfast. Contemporary observers were impressed by the prevailing order, cleanliness, and decency aboard Mormon ships. Charles Dickens described the Mormon emigrants in a chapter of The Uncommon Traveler:

"They had not been a couple of hours on board when they established their own police, made their own regulations, and set their own watches at all the hatchways. Before nine o'clock the ship was as orderly and quiet as a man-of-war...there was no disorder, hurry, or difficulty...I afterwards learned that a Despatch was sent home by the captain, before he struck out into the wide Atlantic, highly extolling the behavior of these Emigrants and the perfect order and propriety of all their social arrangements."

Converts often arrived on the American frontier with only a short time to prepare for the trek to Utah...To economize, emigrants were expected to purchase cotton fabric for the wagon covers in England and stitch it during the voyage." (The Mormon Experience; Leonard J. Arrington). The Fowlkes's ship took six weeks to cross the ocean. Another passenger on the Underwriter, Charles W. Penrose awoke one morning to find that a mother rat had given birth in his shoe during the night. (Life on Board a Mormon Emigrant Ship; David H. Pratt and Paul F. Smart). Sometimes the ship made no progress because of the lack of wind to fill the sails.. They rejoiced when they arrived in New York on May 22.

From the Millennial Star: “The clipper ship Underwriter cleared on the 22nd instant, and sailed on the evening of the 23rd, from this port for New York, having 624 Saints on board, under the presidency of Elder Milo Andrus, assisted by Elders Homer Duncan and C.W. Penrose as counselors. Presidents Lyman, Rich, and Cannon visited the ship on Sunday, the 21st, as she lay in the river, and held a meeting, giving the Saints their parting blessing and many choice instructions relative to their journey. The unanimity and good feeling which pervaded the deliverance having arrived, tended to make a fine and intelligent looking company double interesting; and we have no doubt that, under the wise direction of President Andrus their ocean trip will prove both agreeable and instructive. May God bless them in their journeyings onwards to the home of the Saints in the valley of the mountains!” (Millennial Star, May 4, 1861)

“The clipper ship Underwriter sailed from Liverpool, with 624 Saints, under the presidency of Milo Andrus, Homer Duncan and Charles William Penrose. The company arrived at New York May 22nd, and at Florence (Nebraska) June 2nd.” (Millennial Star, Apr 23, 1861)
The family then proceeded to the outfitting station at Council Bluffs, Iowa. At the outfitting station the immigrants were provided with "one wagon, two yoke of oxen, two cows, and a tent." (The Mormon Experience; Arrington). The Journal History of the Church shows "John Foulke and family" joined Capt. Ira Eldredge's ox train to travel over the plains to Salt Lake City. (Journal History, Sept. 15, 1861). The Fowlkes family was unaccustomed to the hardships and way of life that lay before them. They were city people and used to city life. They cared for and drove an ox team across the plains. The family walked alongside the wagon most of the 1500 miles. When at Florence, Nebraska, the Saints suffered much from the severe rain and thunder storms. They arrived at Salt Lake City on 15 September 1861.

It was with relief and joy that the family found that "whether they arrived by wagon, handcart, or railroad, the immigrants were greeted warmly in Utah...The already established Saints were under instructions to take the new arrivals into their homes, care for them, and provide employment until they could begin to farm or practice their own occupations. The sense of gathering was confirmed by the food and festivities that welcomed immigrants in Emigration Square. Soon afterward they dispersed to the colonies scattered throughout the Great Basin. The dispersal began with a "placement meeting" attended by all local bishops. Each was asked how many families could be absorbed into his ward for the winter and what special skill were desirable." (The Mormon Experience; Arrington).

John Fowlke's skills as a machinist and engineer were needed in Zion. Leonard Arrington in The Mormon Experience tells us, "Suffused with a desire to promote economic independence, the church became involved in nearly every important industrial development during the first two decades of settlement...Most American-born Mormons were lifelong farmers possessing few industrial skills. Foreign converts, on the other hand, tended to be craftsmen and mechanics, reflecting in the variety of their skills the higher stage of industrialization Europe had achieved. Quick to recognize the importance of this expertise to his dream of building an independent commonwealth, Brigham Young instructed church agents and missionaries in Great Britain to seek out skilled workers, especially iron manufacturers, metal workers, textile manufacturers, and potters. Such persons were to be encourage to "emigrate immediately...in preference to anyone else." Each of the major industrial enterprises attempted by the church during the first decade drew upon European converts for technical expertise."

The family settled in Pleasant Grove in 1861. It was a peaceful farming community in the Utah Valley, founded in 1850, with groves of cottonwood trees, and sparkling streams of fresh water. It appears that John married a plural wife, Elizabeth Carlin in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on 8 July 1865.

In the 1870 census of Pleasant Grove, John and Harriet are found living next to their son Frederick and his family, along with Elizabeth Fowlke, age 57:


1870 census, Pleasant Grove, Utah County, Utah
In the 1880 census of Pleasant Grove, John and Harriet Fowlke are shown living in Pleasant Grove next to their son, Frederick and his family, and their daughter Clara, now married to James Cullimore. Elizabeth is shown as a boarder and is using her maiden name.



1880 census, Pleasant Grove

James and Clara’s daughter, Elizabeth, remembers that when just a small girl she loved to go to her grandmother’s house and wash off all the chairs with a rag. Daughter Eliza and her husband Elias Aston were near neighbors. John worked as a machinist and engineer, and a farmer. John and Harriet, like other British Saints, "most of whom gained no fame except that chiseled into the lives of a grateful and expanding posterity, became part of the bedrock of the growing kingdom." (The Mormon Experience; Arrington). John was active in the priesthood, and was ordained a High Priest. His photograph in Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah shows a man of determination and courage. The description which accompanies the photo states:

"FOWLKE, JOHN (son of John Fowlke and Anna May, both of Nottingham, Eng.). Born Dec. 26, 1803. Came to Utah Sept. 17, 1861, Horace S. Eldredge company.
Married Harriet Raynor about 1823 at Nottingham, Eng. (daughter of Mr. Raynor and Catherine Frost, of Nottingham, pioneers Sept. 17, 1861, Horace S. Eldredge company). Their children: Catherine Elizabeth b. Sept. 24, 1824, m. Thomas Windle; John b. April 20, 1826, m. Susannah Bonner; Harriet b. Sept. 20, 1828, died; Drucilla b. Dec. 22, 1830, m. William Aston; Eliza b. April 20, 1832, m. Elias Aston; Emma b. Aug. 4, 1836, died; William b. Nov. 11, 1837; Lueza b. May 26, 1840, m. William Marrott; Frederick b. July 21, 1842, m. Elizabeth Cook; Sarah Ann b. Feb. 15, 1845, m. John Truscott; Clara b. Dec. 28, 1847, m. James Cullimore. Family home Lindon, Utah.

High priest. Machinist and engineer; farmer. Died at Lindon." (Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah; Frank Esshom).

He died 9 March 1886, at his home in Lindon, and was buried in the Pleasant Grove Cemetery. Harriet lived two more years, and died in Mt. Pleasant on 13 September 1888. She was buried in the Pleasant Grove Cemetery with her husband.

ANCESTRY OF JOHN FOWLKE
From "Genealogy of William Marrott and Louisa Fowlke, LDS Pioneers" By Kenneth C. Bullock
JOHN FOWLKE, son of John Fowlke and Hannah Mee (May), was b. 26 Dec. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 1823, HARRIET RAYNOR, at St. Mary's, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. 9 Mar. 1886, Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah; bur. Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah. Harriet was b. 10 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; chr. 25 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; dau. of Samuel Raynor and Catherine Frost; d. 13 Sept. 1888, Mt. Pleasant, Sanpete, Utah; bur. Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah. John and Harriet had the following children:

1. Catherine Elizabeth Fowlke, b. 24 Sept. 1824, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Thomas Windell; d. 1912.
2. John Fowlke, Jr., b. 20 Apr. 1826, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Susannah Bonner; d. Apr. 1901.
3. Harriet Fowlke, b. 20 Sept. 1828, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. 25 Mar. 1842; unmd.
4. Drucilla Fowlke, b. 22 Dec. 1830, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 22 June 1856, William Aston; d. 28 Jan. 1877.
5. Eliza Fowlke, b. 20 Apr. 1832, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 5 Jan 1851, Elias Aston; d. 31 Jan. 1917.
6. Emma Fowlke, b. 4 Aug. 1836, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. 10 Aug. 1839; unmd.
7. William Fowlke, b. 11 Nov. 1837, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 25 Mar. 1860, Rachel Chapman.
8. Louisa Fowlke, b. 26 May 1840, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. (1) 9 Feb. 1862, William Marrott; md. (2) 8 Feb 1901, Lorenzo Waldram; d. 29 Jan. 1913.
9. Frederick Fowlke, b. 21 July 1842, Nottingham, Nottingham, England, md. 17 Nov. 1866 Elizabeth Cook; d. 8 Apr. 1905.
10. Sarah Ann Fowlke, b. 14 Feb. 1844, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 22 Feb. 1862, John Truscott; d. 20 Aug. 1919.
11. Clara Fowlke, b. 28 Dec. 1847, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 10 Feb. 1864, James Cullimore; d. 13 Nov. 1927.

JOHN FOWLKE, son of William Fowlke and Lydia Cowley, was b. abt. 1767, Darley Abbey, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 5 Mar. 1792, Hannah Mee (May), at St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; d. 7 Sept. 1846, Nottingham, Nottingham, England, Hannah was b. abt 1770, Darley Abbey, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; dau. of Jacob Mee and Catherine Abbot; d. 25 Jan. 1849, Nottingham, Nottingham, England. John and Hannah had the following children:
1. Mary Fowlke, b. 2 Oct. 1792, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. John Fry; d. 25 Jan. 1854.
2. Hannah Fowlke, b. 3 Dec. 1793, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 21 Dec. 1817, Griffin Cant.
3.Catherine Fowlke, b. 26 Apr. 1796, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
4. William Fowlke, B. 26 Oct. 1797, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 17 July 1825, Catherine Wilkins.
5. Elizabeth Fowlke, b. 1 Sept. 1799, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 4 Feb. 1822, George Ellis.
6. Alice Fowlke, b. 3 Feb. 1801, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 14 Feb. 1819, John Hinton.
7. Sarah Fowlke, b. 14 Aug. 1802, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. in infancy.
8. (X) John Fowlke, b. 26 Dec. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 1823, Harriet Raynor; d. 9 Mar. 1886.
9. Sarah Fowlke, b. 17 May 1805, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Mr. Bywater.
10. James Fowlke, b. 1 Nov. 1807, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
11. Rebecca Fowlke, b. 18 July 1809, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 18 Aug. 1839, Griffin Cant.
12.Samuel Fowlke, b. 24 May 1811, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.

WILLIAM FOWLKE, was b. abt. 1726, of Quarn, Derby, England, md. 1751, LYDIA COWLEY, at Duffield, Derby, England. She was b. abt. 1730, of Quarn, Derby, England. William and Lydia had the following children:
1.(X) John Fowlke, b. abt 1767, Darley Abbey, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 5 Mar. 1792, Hannah Mee (May), d. 7 Sept. 1846.
2. Martha Fowlke, b. 26 Aug. 1769, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
3. Lydia Fowlke, b. 11 Sept. 1772, Quardon, Derby, England.
JACOB MEE, was b. abt. 1731, of St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 1756, CATHERINE ABBOT, at St. Alkmunds, Derby, England. Jacob and Catherine had the following children:
1. Phoebe Mee, chr. 22 May 1758, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
2. John Mee, chr. 20 May 1763, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
3. (X) Hannah Mee (May), b. abt. 1770, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England; md. 5 Mar. 1792, John Fowlke; d. 25 Jan. 1849.
4.Jacob Mee, chr. 19 July 1772, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.
5. Josiah Mee, chr. 5 Feb. 1775, St. Alkmunds, Derby, England.

SAMUEL RAYNOR, b. abt. 1772, of Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. (1) Sarah; md. (2) 30 Oct. 1797, CATHERINE FROST, at Nottingham, Nottingham, England; d. abt. 1800. Catherine was chr. 2 Aug 1778, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; dau. of Thomas Frost and Sarah. Samuel and Catherine had one child, Elizabeth, then he died. Catherine had four children after his death. These children are as follows:
1. Elizabeth Raynor, chr. 1 Apr. 1798, Nottingham, Nottingham. England.
2. Samuel Raynor, chr. 11 Apr. 1802, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
3. (X) Harriet Raynor, b. 10 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; chr. 25 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 1823, John Fowlke; d. 13 Sept. 1888.
4. William Raynor, b. 1804, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; bur. 14 Dec. 1804; unmd.
5. William Raynor, chr. 16 Feb. 1806, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.

THOMAS FROST, b. abt 1752, of Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. Sarah. She was b. abt 1756, of Nottingham, Nottingham, England. Thomas and Sarah had the following children:
1. (X) Catherine Frost, chr. 2 Aug. 1778, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; md. 30 Oct. 1797, Samuel Raynor.
2. Joseph Frost, chr. 20 Aug. 1782, Nottingham, Nottingham, England.
3. Hannah Frost, b. abt. 1784, Nottingham, Nottingham, England; bur. 9 Feb 1786.

FAMILY GROUP RECORD OF JOHN FOWLKE AND HARRIET RAYNOR
JOHN FOWLKE, son of John Fowlke and Hannah Mee, was b. 26 Dec. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England He married 1) Harriet Raynor 14 July 1823 at Radford, Nottingham, England, and 2) Elizabeth Carlin 8 July 1865 in Salt Lake City, Utah. John died 9 Mar. 1886 in Pleasant Grove, Utah, Utah. Harriet was born 10 Sept. 1803, Nottingham, Nottingham, England, and christened 25 Sept. 1803, in Nottingham, Nottingham, England. She was the daughter of Catherine Frost. Her father is listed in family records, however she was born after the death of Samuel Raynor, and was listed as illegitimate on the parish records. Harriet died 13 Sept. 1888, in Mt. Pleasant, Sanpete, Utah. John and Harriet had the following children:
1. Catherine Elizabeth, born 24 September 1824, in Nottingham; married. Thomas Windell; died in 1912.
2. John, born 20 April 1826, in Nottingham; married Susannah Bonner; died in April of 1901.
3. Harriet, born 20 September 1828 in Nottingham; died 25 March 1842.
4. Drucilla, born 22 December 1830 in Nottingham; married William Aston 22 June 1856; died 28 January 1877.
5. Eliza, born 20 April 1832 in Nottingham; married Elias Aston 5 January 1851 in Nottingham; died 31 January 1917 in Lindon, Utah.
6. Emma, born 4 August 1836 in Nottingham; died 10 August 1839.
7. William, born 11 November 1837 in Nottingham; married Rachel Chapman 25 March 1860.
8. Louisa, born 26 May 1840 in Nottingham; married William Marrott 9 February 1862, then Lorenzo Waldram 8 February 1901; died 29 January 1913.
9. Frederick, born 21 July 1842 in Nottingham; married Elizabeth Cook 17 November 1866; died 8 April 1905.
10. Sarah Ann, born 14 February 1844 in Nottingham; married John Truscott 22 February 1862; died 20 August 1919.
11. Clara, born 28 December 1847 in Nottingham; married James Cullimore 10 February 1864; died 13 November 1927.
SOURCE: IGI, “Genealogy of William Marrott and Louisa Fowlke”, Kenneth Bullock, 929.273 M349b; 1841 English census, St. Mary, Nottingham; 1870 census, Pleasant Grove, Utah; 1880 census, Pleasant Grove, Utah.

Source: http://www.boydhouse.com/alice/Aston/aston08johnandharrietfowlke.htm

Friday, March 26, 2010

Simeon Aykroyd Shaw



From Aspects of ceramic history, Volume 1 By Gordon Elliott:

Anyone who had had reason to research the origins of ceramic production in North Staffordshire will be familiar with the work of Simeon Shaw. His History of the Staffordshire Potteries (1829) is one of the earliest chronologically-based surveys of the area's development from the late medieval period to the industry of Shaw's own times.
...
In conclusion, I feel it is appropriate that I say something about the personal life of Simeon Shaw. For much of this information I am indebted to the paper already cited by Eva and Donald Beech.

He was born on the 17th of April, 1785 at Salford, Lancashire. His father, Edmund Shaw, apparently owned a cotton spinning mill located in the town’s Cable Street. By 1809 he was already in Staffordshire, for on the 13th of June in that year he was married at Bucknall, then a small village near Hanley in Stoke-on-Trent. If we set aside a short period of apprenticeship as a printer he was practicing, according to an entry in a baptismal register, as a teacher. There is conflicting evidence at this time regarding the scene of his teaching activities because Pigot and Dean’s Manchester and Salford Directory for 1819 to 1820 records him as a schoolmaster at Wellmeadow Buildings, Salford. It appears that at this early stage in his career he was experiencing serious financial problems, for on the 15th April, 1820 he was summoned to appear before the Lancaster Quarter Sessions. Although imprisoned for an unrecorded period his release was made possible through the generosity of family and friends. The events that followed were to probe even more traumatic for Shaw because on the 7th November, 1820 his young wife, Elizabeth died leaving him with the responsibility of raising five children, all of whom were under ten years of age. Whether for reasons of practical expediency or a newly found love, Shaw remarried in 1822 to Harriet Marsh Broad of Burslem. In the same year he is listed as being the ownder of a Commercial Academy in Piccadilly, Shelton, Stoke-on-Trent. By 1834 we find the Shaw family living some two and a half miles away at the town of Tunstall.

The 1830s were for Simeon a busy and productive time for in 1838 we find him involved with plans to publish a History of the Borough of Stoke-on-Trent which was to be issued in monthly parts. The project was carried out with the assistance of John Ward, a Burslem-based solicitor. Ward was apparently the owner of an important collection of historical documents to which he agreed to give Shaw access on the condition that any work based on this evidence was submitted to him for editing. Publication of the resulting manuscript took longer than expected because of problems in getting illustrations engraved on time. Possibly because Shaw was concurrently experiencing other problems the planned history was taken over by and published under the name of John Ward.

Unfortunately, one domestic and professional crisis followed another. Like so many families of the times bereavement was for the Saws a common experience. Other losses for Shaw were less traumatic but in their effect significantly distressing. One son, Osmond, much to Simeon’s disapproval, became a Mormon and compounded his new allegiance by emigrating, in 1852, with his wife and children to the United States, settling in Salt Lake City.

The later years of Simeon’s life are not well documented but it would appear that they were, to say the least, not exactly joyful. He appears to have experienced a sharp decline in his mental state, culminating in being committed to the County Asylum where he died on the 8th April, 1859. His obituary, which appeared in the Staffordshire Sentinel on the 16th April, 1859 reads;
“After a life chequered by prosperity and adversity, his intellect gradually gave way, his strong memory failed, and his outer man decayed. He was not cut down, but gradually withered, dropped and died.”

According to the Beeches he was not quite sevently four. I feel it especially fitting that he was laid to rest in the burial ground of Bethesda Chapel; fitting because the chapel lies within yards of the entrance to the Potteries Museum. The appropriateness of their proximinity is, surely, a relationship that Shaw would have appreciated.

-------------------------------------------------

Simeon Ackroyd Shaw (b1785 d1859), schoolmaster and author
1785
Born 17 April 1785 in Lancashire. Son of Edmund Shaw (millowner) and Betty (nee Ackroyd).
Simeon Shaw cam to the Potteries to work as a printer for the 'Potteries Gazette and Newcastle under Lyme Advertiser'.
1809
Married his first wife, Elizabeth Simpson, on 13 June 1809.
1818
by 1818 Shaw was running an academy in Northwood for young gentlemen.
1821
Married his second wife, Harriet Marsh Broad, on 25th December 1921.
1822
by 1822 Shaw was running a commercial academy in Piccadilly, Shelton.
1823
published a 6 volume work 'Nature Displayed'.
1826
Shaw was partly instrumental in the founding of the Pottery Mechanics' Institution in Frederick Street, Shelton. (although Ward does not include Shaw in the list of founders).
1829
published 'History of the Staffordshire Potteries'.
1834
by 1834 Shaw had a large academy in Market Place, Hanley.
1837
published 'The Chemistry of Pottery'.
1838
Shaw began to publish installments of a local history work 'The Borough of Stoke upon Trent in 1838'.Eight parts had been issued when Shaw had financial problems with his printers (W.Lewis & Son) - Shaw had to mortgage his book and the rights.John Ward completed the work in twelve more parts and the whole work was published as a book in 1843.
1859
Ward died on 8th April 1859 in the County Lunatic Asylum, domestic and financial worries and overwork led to his mental breakdown.Shaw was buried in Bethesda churchyard.

(Bethesda Memorial Chapel, Albion Street, Hanley, England, where Simeon Shaw is buried)



Sources:
http://books.google.com/books?id=jJ837TN6S5cC&pg=PA82&lpg=PA82&dq=%22harriet+marsh+broad%22&source=bl&ots=nruYdVdhhy&sig=X7Y3RvBQnbB3wRng5sZHEDHihqg&hl=en&ei=0hetS7fxCo34sQOuz4jPDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CAwQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%22harriet%20marsh%20broad%22&f=false
http://www.thepotteries.org/people/shaw_simeon.htm
http://books.google.com/books?id=jJ837TN6S5cC&lpg=PA71&pg=PA71#v=onepage&q=&f=false
http://www.thepotteries.org/buildings/bethesda.htm

Elizabeth Jenks


(Drawing by Holbein the Younger)

Elizabeth Jenks was born in 1510. She was the daughter of William Jenks and Elizabeth Adams. She married Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich. She died on 12 December 1558.2 Her married name became Rich.

Artist: Workshop of Hans Holbein the Younger (English, after 1536)
Title: Lady Rich (Elizabeth Jenks, died 1558)
Medium: Oil on woodDimensions17 1/2 x 13 3/8 in. (44.5 x 34 cm)
Classification: Paintings
Credit Line: Bequest of Benjamin Altman, 1913
Accession Number: 14.40.646
(At the New York Metropolotian Museum of Art)


The portrait is based on Holbein's drawing of Lady Rich. Two versions exist, neither by Holbein himself, the other in a German private collection. Elizabeth, Lady Rich (d. 1558), was the daughter of William Jenks, or Gynkes, a London grocer. She married Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich, now notorious for his evidence against both Sir Thomas More and Sir Thomas Cromwell before their executions in 1535 and 1540. She bore Rich, whose portrait Holbein also drew, five sons and ten daughters.


(References: K. T. Parker, The Drawings of Hans Holbein at Windsor Castle, Oxford: Phaidon, 1945, OCLC 822974, pp. 50–51.
John Rowlands, Holbein: The Paintings of Hans Holbein the Younger, Boston: David R. Godine, 1985, ISBN 0879235780, p. 234.
Roy Strong, Holbein: The Complete Paintings, London: Granada, 1980, ISBN 0586051449, p. 82.)

Thursday, March 25, 2010

Jens Peter Olsen


Type of Pioneer: Early Pioneer
Pioneer's Name: Olsen, James (Jens) Peter
Birth Place: Viemose, Kalvehave, Praesto, Denmark
Date of Birth: Fri, 14 May, 1841
Date of Death: Sat, 13 Oct, 1883
Father: Rasmus Olsen
Mother: Ingeborg Hansen or Sorensen
Spouse: Ane Kirsten Nielsen
Other Spouses: Annie Catherine Christensen
Children:
Arrived in Utah: Thu, 05 Oct, 1854
Education: Unknown formal education
Profession: Farmer and builder
Civic Activities: Unknown - Lt. in guard during Indian wars
Church: Missionary - Unknown other
Authentic Mormon Pioneer: Yes

JENS OLSEN: AN HONORABLE PIONEER
Submitted By: Louis M. Pickett

James Peter Olsen was born in Viemose, Kalvehave, Praesto, Denmark, on the 14th of May 1841. His father was Rasmus Olsen and his mother was Ingeborg Hansen or Sorensen. James was called Jens for short. The family owned and lived on a beautiful estate, which was on high ground overlooking the ocean.

In 1852 the family became acquainted with Mormon missionaries and was taught the gospel. Jens’ father was baptized on July 12, 1852. Later, on November 19, 1853, Jens and some of his siblings were baptized. Soon after the family joined the church they started making plans to gather to Zion.

The day after Christmas, December 26, 1853, the family boarded the steamship Eideren at Copenhagen with 378 other passengers. The family arrived at Liverpool, England on January 9, 1854. There many of the company became sick. The illness was so bad that twenty-two children and two adults died. When it was time for the immigrants to board the ship Benjamin Adams, an examining physician declared fifteen from the group unfit for the voyage and would not permit them to sail with the rest of the company.

While on the ship from Liverpool to America Jens’ younger brother, Hans Rasmus, became ill. He died on March 9, 1854 and was buried at sea. When Jens and his family arrived at the New Orleans ship docks they saw Negro slaves being held in corrals like animals. They were being sold for about $25.00 each. At New Orleans the family boarded the steam ship L.M. Kennet and went up the Mississippi River, arriving in St. Louis, Missouri on April 3, 1854. They then continued on to Kansas City where they prepared for the journey to cross the plains.

Jens was about 13 years old at that time and would have been a lot of help on the journey as they made their way to the Salt Lake Valley. He would have gathered fire wood, milked the cow, brought water to the camp, even drove the oxen some of the time. On October 5, 1854 the Olsen family finally entered the Great Salt Lake Valley. They did not get to stay there very long because many of the company they traveled with were asked to move on to the Sanpete Valley to help settle that area and teach the Indians how to raise crops.

Twenty eight wagons with these Scandinavian Saints left Salt Lake and headed for Fort Ephraim. It took them close to another week to travel to where their new home would be. In the spring of 1864, just before Jens turned 23 years of age, he was asked to go to Omaha, Nebraska with ox teams to help bring emigrants to the Salt Lake Valley. It took him six months to make the round trip.

While on these trips Jens met Annie Catherine Christensen and they were married after they arrived in Utah. He was sealed in the Endowment House to her and his second wife,Ane kirsten Nielsen on 24 Feb 1865 He and Ane had five children. Jens was called to go to St. George to work on the construction of the temple. That was a one year assignment. He also helped on the construction of the Manti temple. Jens held the rank of Lt. In the guard during the Indian wars. He was a good mediator with the Indians and Chief Blackfoot visited his home many times. He would bring pine gum for the children.
On October 16, 1882 Jens left home, his wives and children, for a mission to Denmark. He labored there for ten months, being ill most of the time. He was then released to go home. He lived only two months after arriving home. His death was at the age of 42 on the 13th of October, 1883.

Sources:Family tradition - Ephraim, Utah ward records (6279 F. Utah E 10pt 3.5)E.H. Film 183395 page 429 line 7479-24 Feb 1865 sealed by H.C. Kimball and witnessed by W.W. Phelps
Virtues: Commitment, Honor, Integrity, Obedience

Luella Keetch & Albert Lorenzo Cullimore


John Dudley North (Baron North)

Dudley, Third Baron North (1581-1666), artist unknown, about 1615, England V&A Museum no. P.4&:1-1948

Dudley North, 3rd Baron North (1581 – January 16, 1666) was an English nobleman.

He was the son of Sir John North and of Dorothy, daughter and heiress of Sir Valentine Dale. He succeeded his grandfather, Roger North, 2nd Baron North, at the age of nineteen. He was educated at Cambridge, and married in 1599 Frances, daughter of Sir John Brockett of Brockett Hall in Hertfordshire. He travelled in Italy, took part in the campaign of 1602 in the Netherlands, and on his return became a conspicuous figure at court, excelling in athletic exercises as well as in poetry and music, and gaining the friendship of Prince Henry.

He was one of the principal courtiers of James I. His family was linked by marriage with the Dudley family that had been so powerful at the Tudor court. Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, was a favourite of Elizabeth I and Dudley North's grandfather married the widow of his brother, Sir Henry Dudley.

In 1606, while returning from Eridge to London, he discovered the springs of Tunbridge Wells, which cured North himself of a complaint and quickly became famous. He also recommended the Epsom springs to the public. He supported and subscribed to the expedition to Guyana made by his brother Roger North (c. 1582 – c. 1652) in 1619, and when Roger departed without leave Dudley was imprisoned for two days in the Fleet.

In 1626 he attached himself to the party of Lord Saye and Sele in the Lords, who were in sympathy with the aims of the Commons; and when the civil war broke out he was on the side of the parliament. In 1641 he was a member of the Lords committee on Religion, and served on the committee to consider Laud's attainder in 1644, finally voting for the ordinance in January 1645. He was placed on the admiralty commission in 1645, and acted as Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire. He was one of the small group of Lords who continued attendance in the House of Peers, and on December 19, 1648, with three others, visited Fairfax, when they cast down their honors at his Excellency's feet and protested their desire not to retain any privileges prejudicial to the public interest.

He passed the rest of his life in retirement at Kirtling in Cambridgeshire. He died leaving a daughter and two sons, the elder of which, Sir Dudley, succeeded him as the 4th Baron North.

Dudley North wrote A Forest of Varieties (1645), a miscellany of essays and poems, another edition of which was published in 1659 under the title of A Forest promiscuous of various Seasons' Productions.